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How Orthodontics Can Correct Bite Issues and Improve Chewing


A female dentist treating a male patient.

A beautiful smile is not just about straight teeth; it also involves proper alignment and a harmonious bite. Many people experience bite issues, such as overbites, underbites, crossbites, or open bites, impacting their oral health and overall well-being. Fortunately, orthodontic treatments offer practical solutions to correct these bite problems and improve chewing ability.


Read on to learn more about orthodontics and how it can address bite issues and pave the way for a healthier, more confident smile.


Understanding Common Bite Issues and How Orthodontics Can Correct It


Overbite

An overbite occurs when the upper front teeth significantly overlap the lower front teeth when the jaws are closed. It can be caused by genetics, thumb sucking, or prolonged pacifier use. An excessive overbite can cause problems with chewing, speech, and jaw pain.


Underbite

An underbite is the opposite of an overbite. It happens when the lower front teeth protrude beyond the upper front teeth. Underbites can be caused by genetics, thumb sucking, or improper jaw development.


Crossbite

A crossbite occurs when some upper teeth sit inside the lower teeth when the jaws are closed. It can affect one or both sides of the mouth and may cause the teeth to wear unevenly. Crossbites can result from genetic factors or irregular jaw growth.


Open bite

An open bite is characterized by a gap between the upper and lower front teeth when the jaws are closed. It can be caused by thumb sucking, tongue thrusting, or prolonged bottle feeding. An open bite can make it challenging to bite into food properly and may affect speech.


Impact of Bite Issues on Oral Health

Bite issues, also known as malocclusions, can significantly impact oral health. The alignment of the teeth and the way the jaws fit together are crucial in maintaining optimal oral function and preventing various dental problems. Let's explore the impact of bite issues on oral health:


1. Dental Wear and Tear

Misaligned bites can cause uneven distribution of forces during chewing and biting. This can lead to excessive wear and tear on certain teeth, especially those that bear the brunt of the misalignment. Over time, this can result in worn enamel, tooth sensitivity, and an increased risk of dental fractures or chipping.


2. Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMJD)

Bite issues can strain the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) that connects the jawbone to the skull. This strain can contribute to the development of TMJD, a condition characterized by jaw pain, clicking or popping sounds in the jaw joint, headaches, and difficulty opening or closing the mouth properly.


3. Gum Disease and Tooth Decay


A person holding artificial teeth set.

Malocclusions can make it challenging to clean teeth effectively. Crowded or overlapping teeth can create hard-to-reach areas where plaque and food particles accumulate, increasing the risk of gum disease (periodontal disease) and tooth decay. Inadequate cleaning can also lead to the formation of tartar (hardened plaque), which further contributes to gum problems.


4. Speech Impairments

Severe bite issues like open bites or crossbites can affect speech clarity. Improper alignment of the teeth and jaws can interfere with proper tongue and lip movements required for clear pronunciation. Correcting these bite issues can help improve speech articulation and enhance communication abilities.


5. Difficulty in Chewing and Digestion

Bite issues can affect the efficiency of chewing and the breakdown of food. Crooked teeth can make it difficult for them to fit together properly, resulting in problems with chewing and breaking down food into smaller, easier-to-digest pieces. Inadequate chewing can impact digestion, as larger food particles may be harder to digest and absorb properly.


6. Aesthetic Concerns and Self-Confidence

Bite issues can also have psychological and social implications. Irregular teeth alignment and visible malocclusions can affect a person's self-confidence and willingness to smile or engage in social interactions. Addressing these bite issues through orthodontic treatment can significantly improve aesthetics, boost self-esteem, and enhance the overall quality of life.

How Orthodontics Correct Bite Issues


1. Comprehensive Assessment

Orthodontic treatment begins with a comprehensive assessment by an orthodontist. This involves thoroughly examining the teeth, jaws, and facial structures, including X-rays, photographs, and impressions. The orthodontist will evaluate the bite, identify the malocclusion, and develop a customized treatment plan.


2. Braces

Traditional braces are a standard orthodontic treatment option for correcting bite issues. Braces consist of brackets bonded to the teeth and connected by archwires. The orthodontist adjusts the tension in the wires periodically, applying gentle forces that gradually move the teeth into their correct positions. This process aligns the bite, improves tooth alignment, and addresses bite issues such as overbites, underbites, crossbites, and open bites.


3. Aligners

Clear aligners, such as Invisalign, have gained popularity as an alternative to traditional braces for bite correction. Aligners are custom-made, removable trays that are virtually invisible when worn. They gently shift the teeth into the desired positions over time. Aligners are a practical option for correcting mild to moderate bite issues and are often preferred for their aesthetic appeal and convenience.


4. Orthodontic Appliances

Additional orthodontic appliances may be used alongside braces or aligners to address specific bite issues. For example, expanders can widen the upper jaw when it is too narrow, helping correct crossbites or crowded teeth. Headgear may be prescribed to modify the growth of the jaws and correct severe bite discrepancies. Functional appliances can address skeletal imbalances and encourage proper jaw development.


5. Regular Adjustments and Monitoring

Throughout orthodontic treatment, patients visit their orthodontist for regular adjustments. These appointments involve tightening or replacing archwires, checking progress, and making necessary modifications to continue correctly aligning the teeth and bite. The orthodontist closely monitors the treatment, ensuring that the bite issues are gradually resolved and the desired results are achieved.


6. Retention

After the active phase of orthodontic treatment, a retention phase follows. Retainers maintain the corrected bite and prevent teeth from returning to their original positions. Retention may involve removable retainers or fixed retainers bonded behind the teeth. Compliance with retainer wear is crucial to ensure the long-term stability of the bite correction.


Are you ready to unlock the power of a healthy smile? The Family Dental Center has a team of orthodontic specialists dedicated to providing personalized treatment options tailored to your unique needs. Say goodbye to biting issues and hello to a confident, comfortable bite. Contact us today, and your journey to a beautiful smile starts with us!


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