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Sports Safety and Orthodontics: Protecting Your Smile


Four athletes performing a bicycle race

Participating in sports and physical activities offers numerous benefits for overall health and well-being. However, it's essential to consider the potential risks to your oral health, particularly if you're undergoing orthodontic treatment.


Read on to explore the importance of sports safety when protecting your smile and learn practical measures to minimize the risk of dental injuries during sports activities.


The Role of Orthodontics in Sports Safety

Sports-related dental injuries can occur due to direct blows, falls, collisions, or contact with equipment during various athletic activities. These injuries range from minor chips and fractures to more severe damage, such as tooth avulsion (complete tooth loss) or jaw fractures. Dental injuries can be painful, require immediate attention, and have long-lasting effects on oral health and aesthetics. It is essential to be aware of the risks involved and take the necessary precautions to protect your teeth, especially if you're undergoing orthodontic treatment.


Orthodontic Appliances and Injury Severity

When participating in sports with orthodontic appliances, the severity of dental injuries can increase due to brackets, wires, or aligners. The orthodontic components can contribute to additional trauma to the oral structures, leading to increased injury severity. For example, a blow to the face can cause brackets to become dislodged or wires to bend, resulting in cuts, lacerations, or damage to the mouth's soft tissues. The combination of orthodontic appliances and sports-related impacts heightens the potential for more complex injuries, underscoring the need for protective measures.


Examples of Common Injuries

Here are a few examples of common injuries.


Broken or Chipped Teeth: Direct impact to the mouth can cause teeth to chip or fracture. This can occur when a ball, an opponent's body, or sports equipment collides with the face.


Tooth Displacement or Avulsion: Intense contact during sports can result in teeth being pushed out of their normal position (displacement) or completely knocked out (avulsion). These injuries require immediate attention for the best chance of successful re-implantation or repositioning.


Soft Tissue Injuries: Sports-related injuries can cause cuts, lacerations, and bruising to the lips, cheeks, gums, and tongue. Orthodontic appliances can increase the risk of such injuries due to their presence in the mouth.


Jaw Fractures: High-impact sports or collisions can lead to jawbone fractures. These injuries require immediate medical attention and may necessitate orthodontic or oral surgical intervention.


Damage to Orthodontic Appliances: Sports injuries can cause damage to the brackets, wires, or aligners used in orthodontic treatment. This can impede therapy progress and may require additional appointments to repair or replace damaged components.


Choosing the Right Mouthguard for Orthodontic Patients

Orthodontic patients require special consideration when selecting a mouthguard due to the presence of braces, wires, or other orthodontic appliances. A properly fitted mouthguard is essential to ensuring both the protection of the teeth and the integrity of the orthodontic treatment.


For orthodontic patients, a custom-made mouthguard is often the best option. These mouthguards accommodate braces or orthodontic appliances, providing a comfortable and secure fit. Dental professionals create custom-made mouthguards using dental impressions, ensuring an accurate fit and maximum protection.


Boil-and-bite mouthguards, available in most sporting goods stores, can also be used by orthodontic patients. These mouthguards are softened in hot water and then adapted to the teeth and braces by biting down. However, they may not provide as precise a fit as custom-made mouthguards and might require adjustments to accommodate the braces.

Orthodontic patients should consult their orthodontist or dentist to determine the most suitable mouthguard option based on their needs.


Benefits of Custom-Made Mouthguards for Optimal Protection

A person getting dental treatment at a dental clinic

Superior Fit and Comfort Compared to Over-the-Counter Options

  • Custom-made mouthguards are explicitly designed for an individual's mouth, ensuring a precise fit.

  • Dental professionals take impressions of the teeth to create a mold, resulting in a mouthguard that fits snugly and comfortably.

  • The customized fit reduces the risk of the mouthguard dislodging or causing discomfort during sports activities.

Enhanced Protection Against Dental Injuries

  • Custom-made mouthguards provide a higher level of protection compared to stock or boil-and-bite mouthguards.

  • The individualized design ensures that all teeth, including those with braces or orthodontic appliances, are adequately covered and protected.

  • The mouthguard acts as a cushion, absorbing and dispersing the impact of blows, reducing the risk of tooth fractures, dislocations, and loss.

Impact Absorption and Shock Dispersion Features

  • Custom-made mouthguards have additional features for optimal protection.

  • Dental professionals can adjust the thickness of the mouthguard in vulnerable areas to provide extra cushioning.

  • Special shock-absorbing materials can be incorporated to help absorb and disperse the forces generated during contact sports, reducing the risk of injuries.

Long-Term Cost-Effectiveness and Durability of Custom-Made Mouthguards

  • Although custom-made mouthguards may cost more upfront than over-the-counter options, they are more durable and long-lasting.

  • Custom-made mouthguards are made from high-quality materials, ensuring their longevity and resistance to wear and tear.

  • They are less likely to need frequent replacements, making them cost-effective in the long run.

Immediate Action for Sports-Related Injuries

Assessing the Damage

In the event of a sports-related injury, it is crucial to assess the damage to determine the severity of the injury and the required course of action.


Take the following steps to assess the situation:

  • Check for bleeding or visible mouth, teeth, or gum injuries.

  • Inspect the orthodontic appliances for any damage or displacement.

  • When handling a knocked-out tooth, hold it by the crown and avoid touching the root. If necessary, gently rinse it with water.

Contacting Your Orthodontist

After assessing the damage, you must contact your orthodontist immediately. Inform them about the sports-related injury and provide details about the condition of your teeth and orthodontic appliances. Your orthodontist will provide guidance based on the severity of the injury. They may recommend immediate action or schedule an emergency appointment for a thorough evaluation.


Emergency Orthodontic Care

In some cases, sports-related injuries may require emergency orthodontic care. This care may involve the following:

  • Repairing or replacing damaged or dislodged brackets, wires, or aligners.

  • Treating any cuts, lacerations, or other soft tissue injuries.

  • Realigning displaced teeth or managing tooth avulsion.

  • Stabilizing jaw fractures or providing referrals for specialized care.



Ready to protect your smile during sports activities? The experts at The Family Dental Center provide top-notch orthodontic care and sports safety solutions. Our orthodontists will ensure your appliances and teeth are well-protected, minimizing the risk of injuries and maximizing the success of your treatment. Contact us to maintain your oral health while pursuing your athletic passions.


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